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  • Writer's pictureShaun Pascoe

Legal Repercussions of Disregarding Workplace Safety in Victoria

In Victoria, Australia, the legal framework governing workplace safety is comprehensive and stringent. The cornerstone of this framework is the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 (Vic), which sets out clear obligations for employers to provide a safe working environment for their employees.

Additionally, various regulations and guidelines issued by WorkSafe Victoria further delineate specific requirements and standards that employers must adhere to.

The law and associated regulations make it clear the consequences of failing to provide a safe workplace can be severe.

Beyond the immediate human costs of workplace accidents and injuries, employers who neglect their duty of care may face significant legal and financial repercussions.


Civil penalties, criminal prosecutions, and compensation claims are just a few examples of the potential consequences that can arise from breaches of workplace safety laws.


This article explores the legal repercussions of disregarding workplace safety in Victoria, Australia.  

It outlines strict legal obligations and potential consequences, including civil penalties, criminal charges, and compensation claims. It briefly mentions differences in workers' compensation schemes across states.

Table of Contents


Legal Obligations for Employers in Victoria


Employers in Victoria have a legal duty under the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 (Vic) to provide a safe workplace.


This duty includes identifying and minimising risks, regularly updating safety procedures, and ensuring compliance with the law. Failure to meet this duty can lead to legal sanctions and penalties. 

Employers must conduct risk assessments, provide adequate training, and establish clear safety procedures to maintain workplace safety. Regular reviews of these procedures are essential to ensure ongoing compliance and effectiveness. 

Legal responsibilities under other relevant legislation (e.g., WorkSafe regulations) 

Employers must also comply with regulations issued by WorkSafe Victoria, which may include industry-specific requirements. It's crucial for employers to understand and adhere to these regulations to avoid legal action and penalties.


Consequences of Breaching Workplace Safety Laws 

Civil Penalties 

Breaches of workplace safety laws in Victoria can result in significant civil penalties, including fines and other sanctions. Fines can vary depending on the severity of the breach, with penalties ranging from thousands to millions of dollars.  

Additionally, courts may impose other sanctions such as enforceable undertakings or orders to rectify safety deficiencies. Past cases illustrate the seriousness of these penalties, with companies facing substantial fines for failing to provide safe working conditions.    

Criminal Prosecution


An employer’s failure to provide a safe workplace can result in prosecution for criminal offences. The consequences of criminal prosecution for workplace safety violations can be severe and multifaceted.    

The underlying sentencing purpose is deterrence.  This is reflected in the significant maximum penalties that are prescribed for certain offences under the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 (Vic) (‘The Act’).  

For example, section 21 of the Act ‘Duties of Employers to Employee’ prescribes a maximum penalty of 1800 penalty unit for a private person and 9000 penalty units for a body corporate.  

At the time of writing this article a penalty unit in Victoria is $192.31. 

Obviously in these maximum penalties are not applied in all cases, and each prosecution turns on their own facts. 

Beyond the legal ramifications, criminal prosecution can have profound reputational and financial implications for companies and individuals involved.  

To review a catalogue of past prosecutions undertaken by WorkSafe click here

Compensation Claims 

In Victoria, workers injured at work are covered by the state's compensation scheme, managed by WorkSafe Victoria, which compensates for medical expenses, lost wages, and rehabilitation costs. They can file claims directly or pursue compensation through civil lawsuits if employer negligence is involved.  

Seeking assistance from a personal injury lawyer is advisable. In states like Queensland or New South Wales, workers' compensation schemes operate under their own legislation, potentially leading to variations in the claims process and eligibility criteria compared to Victoria.

Understanding local legislation and consulting legal professionals are crucial for pursuing compensation. 



Under the Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 (Vic), employers have a legal duty of care to ensure the safety and well-being of their employees, contractors, and others affected by their operations.  

Breaching this duty can result in civil penalties, criminal prosecution, and compensation claims, with potential fines, imprisonment, and reputational damage. 


If you or your company are facing charges for failing to provide a safe workplace and are in need of legal assistance, it is crucial to seek advice from experienced professionals.  

Pascoe Criminal Law has experience in defending WorkCover offences and can provide expert guidance and representation throughout the legal process. 


Contact us today to ensure your rights are protected and to explore your options for defending against WorkSafe Victoria prosecution.  

Your proactive approach to legal matters can make a significant difference in the outcome of your case and in upholding the safety standards essential for all workplaces in Victoria. 


  1. Government of Victoria. Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 (Vic). 

  2. WorkSafe Victoria. Regulations and Compliance Codes. 

  3. Victorian Legislation and Parliamentary Documents. 

  4. WorkSafe Victoria. Prosecutions. 

  5. WorkSafe Victoria. Compensation. 

  6. Queensland Government. Workers' Compensation. 

  7. Exploring the Impact of Failing to Provide a Safe Workplace in Queensland. Sarinas Legal. 

  8. New South Wales Government. Workers compensation. 


Call us for urgent expert advice (03) 9668 7600

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